RCA Theatre Company


Every place and community in the world appreciate life from a unique perspective. Traditions, language, and food vary from place to place, and the understanding and adaptation of these elements that are different from your own can be challenging, leading to cultural barriers.

These cultural barriers can translate to racism, discrimination, stigmatization, bullying, and isolation, amongst other things that perpetuate harm and danger to others.

In order to deal with cultural barriers, we should practice non-judgemental communication! Ask honest questions that lead to clarity. Avoid putting your assumptions and judgment in the way you communicate with others.  


Content taught through the Indigenous Cultural Diversity Training from First Light Friendship Centre.  First Light is a St. John’s-based organization that serves the urban Indigenous and non-Indigenous communities alike by providing programs and services rooted in the revitalization, strengthening and celebration of Indigenous cultures and languages in the spirit of trust, respect, and friendship.

Cultural Humility will foster an environment where people feel safe expressing their culture.

How to learn cultural humility:

  • Challenge personal biases
  • Be willing to adapt
  • Be aware of your privilege
  • Learn about other cultures
  • Interact with other cultures.

How to try and achieve cultural humility:

  • Create an environment where people feel safe expressing their culture
  • Partner with cultural organisations

Activities to celebrate culture

  • Music
  • Art
  • Storytelling
  • Traditional foods
  • Use of languages
  • Crafts
  • Talking Circles

Barriers to communication

  • Preconceived ideas
  • Stress
  • Misinterpretation
  • Difference in non-verbal cues
  • English as a second language
  • Culture shock
  • Lack of respect/understanding
  • Not wanting to ask for help
  • Family roles

Removing cultural/communication barriers

  • Learn more about the culture
  • Watch for communicating styles
  • Think about their experiences
  • Make sure you understand each other
  • Be positive
  • If you don’t know, ask

Cross Cultural Communication 

  • Eye contact
  • Touch/Gestures
  • Physical space between people
  • Vocals